Polio (symptoms and preventive measures)

Polio is a disease caused by a virus called polio virus. Polio virus attacks on the spinal nerves at the back bone of our body. This hinders the movement of different organs like hands or legs. This situation cut off the connection of nervous system with the voluntary organs and the person suffers from paralysis.

The frequency of suffering from polio is seen very high in children than in adults. Therefore polio is also called infantile paralysis. The chance of infection is sharply reduced by administering anti-polio vaccine. Its incubation period is from 6 days to 20 days.


  • Slight fever and headache during the early stage.
  • Stiff neck and muscular spasms.
  • Gradual difficulty in walking and running.
  • Paralysis.

Mode of transmission

Polio gets transferred when children play in a dirty place or in infected areas or with the infected children. It can also get transmitted through the polluted water and through oral droplets, etc.


  • Administering anti-polio drops to the children for 3 times at an interval of 1 month from 6 weeks to 1 year.
  • Prompt disinfection of the school, urine, utensils and clothes of the patient.
  • Early diagnosis and treatment.

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