About of Common Cold and Chanchriod Disease

Common Cold

Common cold is a common disease. It is rapidly transmitted from one another. It is caused by Rhino Virus (filterable virus). This is the viral disease of the upper respiratory tract. Common cold is characterized by the inflammation of mucus membrane of nose, throat, irritated nasopharynx, and chilling lasting for 2-7 days. Common cold is not a disease to treat; some precautions are enough for this. It is transmitted directly droplets through air while sneezing as well as through droplets by exchange of personal belongings with the infected person.


  • Irritation od the nose and sore throat.
  • The patient may feel difficulty while breathing because of the swollen sinuses.
  • The voice of the patient is changed.
  • Running nose and watery eyes.
  • Temperature of the body increases. Little fever is also observed.
  • Congestion and dryness of the nose and throat.
  • Coughing and sneezing.
  • Pain is felt at back, limbs and head.
  • Weakness and loss of weight.

Preventive Measures

  • Education in personal hygiene.
  • Use personal handkerchief.
  • Vitamin C consumption.
  • Do not come in contact with the infected persons.
  • Nasal discharge and phlegm must be properly disposed.
  • Balance your time for work and rest.
  • Be careful while working in the dusty environment.
  • Protect yourself from cold.
  • Wear clothes according to season.
  • Adequate sleep.


Chanchriod is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium called Haemophilus. It causes open sores around the genitals and also causes ulceration of the lymph nodes in the groin. The infection begins with the appearance of painful open sores on the genitals and swollen lymph nodes in the groin. Symptoms in women are often less noticeable and may be limited to painful urination or defection, painful intercourse or vaginal discharge. These symptoms appear within a week after exposure. The common locations are chanchroid sores in men are the penis and scrotum. In women, the common locations are labia majora, labia minora and inner thighs. Its incubation period falls between 3-7 days.

Mode of Transmission

  • Having unprotected sex.
  • Wearing contaminated fomites.
  • Skin-to-skin contact with an infected person.


  • Presence of painful ulcer on and around the genitals.
  • Draining of grey or yellowish pus from the ulcers.
  • Swelling in the groin may occur.
  • Bleeding from the ulcers.
  • Painful urination.
  • Vaginal discharge.


  • Awaking the community through Practicing safe sex.
  • Consistent use of condom during sexual intercourse.
  • Limiting the number of sexual partners.
  • Promoting abstinence from drugs and alcohol.
  • Avoiding high-risk sex partners.

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