The important time events or days that have occurred in the past bringing remarkable achievements in the nation days. Many national days changed the course of history through revolution, protest and gain. Therefore, we observed such days to memorize the events, mark the achievements and continue the legacy. Our government has declared a number of historical days as national days or festivities.
Some of them are described below:
- Children’s Day
We observe Children’s Day on 29th Bhadra. On 14th September (29th Bhadra) 1990, Nepal had signed and approved the UN Charter on child rights. So, observe Children’s Day on 29th Bhadra. On that day, government, educational institutions and other organizations launch very special programs in favor of children and their rights. They deliver speeches, conduct rallies, dances, street plays, sporting events, etc. Some benevolent people and organizations donate teaching materials, clothes, fruits and sweets to the destitute and orphan children at Bal Mandirs. Nepal Children Organizations also conducts an especial program on that day.
2. Constitution Day
Ashoj 3rd every year is observed as Constitution Day in Nepal since the current constitution was promulgated on the day in 2072 by the Constitution Assembly-II. The day is marked as national day to mark our respect to ‘rule of law’ and equal justice.
3. Democracy Day
Nepal had achieved democracy on 7th Falgun, 2007 for the first time after the Mass Revolution against the Ranas. Therefore, we celebrate 7th Falgun as a national day to inspire people to safeguard their rights and freedom against autocracy and undemocratic ruling.
4. Education Day
We observe Education Day on 8th September, that is the World Literacy Day as well. On the day, various awards, medals and certificates of honour are offered to those students and academic institutions coring highest at various faculties and doing good academically. The toppers in Ph.D., Master’s and Bachelor’s Degree are also offered with gold medals by the president or concerned authority. Besides, various educational programmes and contests are also launched.
5. International Labor Day
May 1st every year is commemorated as International Worker’s Day or Shram Diswas. It is the greatest feast for the workers and labors throughout the world. It is marked so as to unite all labors and fulfill their rights thereby establishing exploitation-free working environment.
6. International Women’s Day
We observe 8th March as Women’s Day in honour of women’s struggle and to empower them with equal rights, dignity and power. Various programmes are run on the day to uplift their social status as that of males.
7. Martyr’s Day
Although 16th Magha is observed as Martyrs Day, it is celebrated for 7 days from 10th to 16th Magh every year. It is so because the four martyrs (Shukra Raj, Gangalal, Dharma Bhakta and Dasarath) has got martyrdom by the Ranas in-between the period of 1997 BS in charge of treason when they demanded for democracy. However, all the Martyr’s Memorial (Lainchaur) and other concerned sites throughout the nation to pay tribute with bouquet and garland on the day. Actually, the Martyr’s Day is the memorandum and source of inspiration to all Nepalese to fight for the sake of nation.
8. National Unity Day
The Government of Nepal has declared 27th Poush as the ‘ National Unity Day’. It is the birthday of Prithvi Narayan Shah, the founder of modern Nepal. Nepal came into being after the unification of several small states. So, the Government of Nepal along with people observe this festival by organizing various programmes. The international communities have also expressed their commitment regarding 27th Poush as Nepal’s National Unity Day.
9. Republic Day
The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly-I established Nepal as a republic country on 15th Jesth 2065 by formally ending the history of 240-year monarchy. Our country, this way, got official naming as ‘Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal’ and we could observe 15th Jesth as the national day. This paved the way for declaring a common citizen as ‘head of the state’ instead of heredity.